Iran University of Medical Sciences
دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران
Iran University of Medical Sciences

About Tehran

 | Post date: 2017/06/18 | 

Tehran

Tehran, the capital of Iran, is located in the southern foothills of the Alborz mountain range at an elevation of 1,100-1,300 m above sea level. The province of Tehran covers an area of 18,956 square kilometers and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran. This province borders other provinces including Mazandaran from the  north, Qom from the south, Semnan from the east, and Qazvin from the west.

Tehran has been the latest and largest capital city in the history of ancient Persia and Iran. The original settlement of Tehran, north of the ancient city of Rey , may have been founded as early as the 4th century. However, the oldest Persian document on Iran shows that the city existed even before the third century. By the early 13th century, it was a small village. In 1221, invading Mongols led by Genghis Khan destroyed Rey, but Tehran survived. During the reign of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp (1524-1576), a wall and four watchtowers were built around the city. In the early 18th century, Karim Khan Zand ordered a palace, a harem, and a government office to be built. Tehran finally became the capital of Persia in 1795, when the Qajar King Agha Mohammad Khan was crowned in the city. As the center of Qajar Dynasty, Tehran steadily expanded, and by the 20th century, it evloved into one of the most-populous cities on earth.

 

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Climate. Tehran features a semi-arid, continental climate. It is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz Mountains to the north and the central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in spring and autumn, hot and dry in summer, and cold in winter.

 

 

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Economy. Tehran is the economic center of Iran. About 30% of Iran's public-sector workforce and 45% of large industrial firms are located in Tehran and almost half of these workers government employees. Many modern industries of this city include the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products.

 

 

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Population. The population of Tehran has been steadily rising over the last few decades. Since mid-2014, there is an estimated population of nearly 8.5 million.

 

Tourism and attractions

Tehran, as Iran's showcase and capital city, has a wealth of cultural attractions. The Sun Throne (aka Peacock Throne) of the Persian Kings can be found in Tehran's Golestan Palace. Some of the well-known museums are the National Museum of Iran, Sa'dabad Palaces Complex,