الخميس, مارس 30, 2017
About Tehran

Tehran

Tehran, the capital of Iran, is located in the southern foothills of the Alborz mountain range at an elevation of 1,100-1,300 m above sea level. The province of Tehran covers an area of 18,956 square kilometers and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran. This province borders other provinces including Mazandaran from the  north, Qom from the south, Semnan from the east, and Qazvin from the west.

Tehran has been the latest and largest capital city in the history of ancient Persia and Iran. The original settlement of Tehran, north of the ancient city of Rey , may have been founded as early as the 4th century. However, the oldest Persian document on Iran shows that the city existed even before the third century. By the early 13th century, it was a small village. In 1221, invading Mongols led by Genghis Khan destroyed Rey, but Tehran survived. During the reign of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp (1524-1576), a wall and four watchtowers were built around the city. In the early 18th century, Karim Khan Zand ordered a palace, a harem, and a government office to be built. Tehran finally became the capital of Persia in 1795, when the Qajar King Agha Mohammad Khan was crowned in the city. As the center of Qajar Dynasty, Tehran steadily expanded, and by the 20th century, it evloved into one of the most-populous cities on earth.

 

Climate. Tehran features a semi-arid, continental climate. It is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz Mountains to the north and the central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in spring and autumn, hot and dry in summer, and cold in winter.

 

 

Economy. Tehran is the economic center of Iran. About 30% of Iran's public-sector workforce and 45% of large industrial firms are located in Tehran and almost half of these workers government employees. Many modern industries of this city include the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products.

 

 

Population. The population of Tehran has been steadily rising over the last few decades. Since mid-2014, there is an estimated population of nearly 8.5 million.

 

Tourism and attractions

Tehran, as Iran's showcase and capital city, has a wealth of cultural attractions. The Sun Throne (aka Peacock Throne) of the Persian Kings can be found in Tehran's Golestan Palace. Some of the well-known museums are the National Museum of Iran, Sa'dabad Palaces Complex, Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran, Carpet Museum of Iran, Underglass Painting Museum, Niavaran Palace Complex, and Safir Office Machines Museum. The Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art is another popular attraction and features  the works of famous artists such as Vincent Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Andy Warhol.

 

 

Tabiat Bridge is one of the outstanding projects of Tehran which connects the two main parts of the Abasabad area. About 14 thousand steel pieces were used in the construction of Tabiat Bridge which spans 7 thousand square meters, and  weighs about two tons, with regard to its architectural, technical and application specifications it could be introduced as a new symbol for the city.

 

 

Public Transportation. Eight executive mechanisms to improve public transportation in the capital city and solve the current problems of urban transportation have been placed on the government’s agenda. Implementation of an integrated urban transportation system as a transportation model has been planned for the current year. It is considered the first mechanism of its kind. About 420 two-cabin BRT buses would be added to the Tehran bus fleet. The plan for application of advanced world technologies and use of smart systems for management and control of traffic is under serious consideration.

 

 

Lavizan Forest Park is the largest park in eastern Tehran. The plan to prepare an area of 125 hectares for the use of urban tourists is under implementation.  

 

Education

Tehran is the largest and most important educational centers of Iran. Today there are nearly 50 major colleges and universities in the greater Tehran area. Since the establishment of Darolfonoon in the mid-19th century, Tehran has amassed a large number of institutions of higher education.

Allameh Tabatabaei University,

Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic),

Shahid Beheshti University (Melli University),

Kharazmi University,

K.N.Toosi University of Technology,

Iran University of Science and Technology,

Iran University of Medical Sciences,

Islamic Azad University,

Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute,

Shahed University and Tarbiat Modarres University are among its highly ranked universities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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